Covid 19: Virus dies less than 3 minutes facing direct sunlight


On Thursday, Apr. 23, the United States administration led by President Donald Trump suggested ways to kill Coronavirus in the country. One of the main suggestions revolves around the idea that heat can instantly kill Coronavirus within two minutes of direct sunlight exposure. Is this true? 

U.S. Officials suggest sunlight may kill Coronavirus; Summer season, the best solution?

COVID- 19 Update: Virus Dies in 2 Minutes When Faced on Direct Sunlight Says US Official

Bill Bryan, the head of the science and technology directorate at the Department of Homeland Security, explains the idea of heat against the virus. The official said that solar light, along with high temperature and humidity, causes a “powerful effect” against any viruses found in the human body. 

“Coronavirus dies at a much more rapid pace when exposed to sunlight and humidity,” Bryan said during the White House briefing. “The virus dies the quickest in direct sunlight. Isopropyl alcohol will kill the virus in 30 seconds.” 

Interestingly, the official suggests that once a person gets exposed with direct sunlight or any powerful heat, the virus may be killed instantly– specifically within two minutes. 

Bryan also cited researchers that found a similar effect with the coronavirus that was suspended in the air. With their experiment in a dark room, the virus maintained half its strength for an hour. But when the virus got exposed to sunlight, it lost half its strength in 90 seconds. 

If this is true, the findings can now be compared to other viral diseases like influenza, that also shows less contagious ability in warm weather. 

Is Summer the best solution vs. coronavirus?

Though Bryan suggested that heat may kill the virus, he also reiterated that proper practice of social distancing and hygienic processes are still the best way to fight against COVID-19– even when the summer season comes.

Agreeing to this idea was Vice President Mike Pence. He said on earlier Thursday that Coronavirus may slowly weaken during the summer season, especially by the upcoming Memorial Day Weekend. 

“If you look at the trends today, I think by Memorial Day Weekend we will largely have this coronavirus epidemic behind us,” said Pence, who is the chairman of the White House coronavirus task force. “State and local officials will begin to reopen activities, you’re going to see states ahead here begin to do that.” 

Though both officials claim the same idea, US President Trump warns his officials to be careful with each of their claims. Back then, the President also said the same principle of heating the virus, but then got criticized by the masses and other experts.

“I once mentioned that maybe it does go away with heat and light. And people didn’t like that statement that much,” he said at the briefing. 

Some states in the country are now slowly getting back on opening local businesses. However, Trump said that Americans should still practice social distancing until the virus officially dies.

My Kenyan great-grandfather quarantined 100 years ago and here we go again this time


I have been thinking about my great-grandfather, and how I am alive because he self-isolated over a century ago. Around the end of the nineteenth century, two major African trypanosomiasis epidemics swept through what is now Eastern Uganda, and Western Kenya. Better known as sleeping sickness, the disease is transmitted to human beings by tsetse flies that have acquired the infection from infected people or animals.

Once infected, the patient develops joint pain, headaches, and a fever, then becomes drowsy. The infection also causes swelling of the lymph nodes at the back of the neck. Once the pathogen crosses the blood-brain barrier and infects the central nervous system, the patient becomes lethargic or insane, then goes into a coma, and finally dies. The disease was, and still is, particularly active around the shores of Lake Victoria.

During the first epidemic, that lasted between 1896-1906, approximately 300,000 and 500,000 people died in the Congo Basin, and in present-day Uganda and Kenya respectively.

My great-grandfather and his wives survived because they self-isolated by moving away from relatives to an unoccupied part of Western Kenya.

A few years later, shortly after the end of the First World War, a second epidemic occurred. The epidemic began in a number of African countries in 1920 and died down by the late 1940s. My great-grandfather, Amoko wuon Agak, lived somewhere close to Lake Victoria, in a tsetse-fly dense area. As the disease quickly spread through the region, several of his peers and relatives died. Before the epidemic, Amoko had six wives. However, as people died of the disease, the number of wives increased. Among the Luo, there was a custom called Lako. Lako was an institution that stipulated that upon the death of a husband, his ‘brother’ takes up the roles and responsibilities of the deceased’s home including towards his wife (wives) and children. As the jalako, Amoko became, according to my father, the husband of ten wives. He also ended up playing the role of a stand-in-dad for several brides between 1930 and when he passed away in 1960.

My great-grandfather and his wives survived because they effectively self-isolated themselves by moving away physically from all their friends and relatives to a relatively unoccupied part of Western Kenya in Kendu Bay. Kendu held sway for him because his friend, Paul Mboya, who would later write a book about the culture of the Luo (Luo Kitgi Gi Timbegi, in 1938), lived nearby, but also because a group of Christian missionaries had built a hospital in there.

Human sleeping sickness has existed in Africa for centuries. The earliest written records of the disease in Western history are by Atkins in 1742, when he referred to it as a “sleepy distemper”, and David Livingstone in 1857, when he called it a “fly disease.” However, even before them, African communities knew about the disease, and knew that it was transmitted by tsetse flies, which were sometimes called “elephant flies” because of their size. People would set fire to large areas of bush to clear them of tsetse flies, and animals such as warthogs and bush-pigs on whose blood the flies fed. As early as the 14th Century, the Arab historian Ibn Khaldun wrote that King Diata II of the Mali Empire had died of it.

There are different theories for the appearance of sleeping sickness in East Africa. Because local populations didn’t travel much, sleeping sickness was mostly limited to small pockets. However, according to one theory, the movements of Arab slave traders brought the Gambian sleeping sickness up the Congo River, and further East. Another theory attributes its spread to Henry Morton Stanley and his 1887 expedition up the Congo River to rescue Emin Pasha. According to John Ford, an entomologist for the British colonial administration in East Africa, Africans had established a rough equilibrium between two ecosystems: the human and domestic on the one hand, and the natural and wild on the other. This equilibrium was shattered by the invading Europeans, causing a series of ecological crises that included famines and epidemics of rinderpest, sleeping sickness, jiggers, and others.

My great-grandfather’s self-isolation and physical movement during the second sleeping sickness epidemic was part of a larger colonial strategy for dealing with the disease. The strategy was different in different colonies. During the first epidemic, Hesketh Bell, the governor of Uganda, ordered Africans to move to fly-free areas two miles or more away from Lake Victoria and forbade fishing and the sale or possession of fish. He said, “We must withdraw from the insects the source of their infection. The whole country must be depopulated. There seems to me to be no other course than to remove everyone from reach of the fly for an indefinite period.

In the Belgian Congo, the Belgians imposed a cordon sanitaire around the fly-infested people. They opened camps for the infected, camps which were guarded by soldiers to prevent people from escaping. In the camps, the detainees were injected with atoxyl. Later, they devised a system of mobile medical teams who went from village to village, examining people.

In Angola, a Portuguese colony, convicts were made to clear undergrowth near human settlements, drain swamps and fell trees. Tsetse flies were attracted to black cloth, so the Portuguese had workers dressed in black go around catching and killing the flies. Inhabitants were examined and injected with atoxyl, and the sick were placed in camps. Entire villages in infested areas were moved, and the inhabitants monitored. By 1914, only 0.64% of the population still had the trypanosomes as opposed to 26% in 1914.

In Tanganyika, during the second epidemic, the British pursued the same approach they had in Uganda. They made Africans burn all vegetation that might harbor the flies and thereby create “fly barriers” around human habitations. In 1926–1928, 12,000 square miles of tsetse-infested land were evacuated and their inhabitants relocated to areas free of flies. Travel was strictly controlled and pedestrians and vehicles were searched for flies. Animals that might harbor trypanosomes were hunted down. The areas that were thereby depopulated remained so for a long time thereafter; many became the wildlife reserves for which Tanzania is famous today.

On April 6, the Kenyan government banned travel in and out of capital Nairobi from Monday for three weeks. At the time the announcement was being made, I was in an isolation ward in a Nairobi hospital as a precautionary measure. One hundred years after my great-grandfather self-isolated, the wheels of history have turned, and now here we go again.

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BREAKING News COVID-19: Sosoliso Airline Chairman Dies

Lagos – Mr Victor Ikwuemesi, the Chairman of the defunct Sosoliso Airline died today in London, United Kingdom few days after he was diagnosed for coronavirus pandemic.

A source close to the family confided in our correspondent that Ikwuemesi was admitted to an unnamed London hospital after brief illness.

He later tested positive for COVID-19 in the result that was released on today (Tuesday).

He was in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) on oxygen since he arrived the London hospital.

The source added: ”But, when the oxygen was removed for him to eat he couldn’t breath on his own.

”So they put him on a ventilator and he died shortly after.”

“When the oxygen was removed for him to eat he couldn’t breath on his own, so they put him on a ventilator and he died shortly after,” the family source said.

Sosoliso was established in 1994 and began scheduled flights as a domestic airline in July 2000.

On  December 10, 2005, at about 14:08 local time,  a Sosoliso flight 1145 from Abuja crashed at Port Harcourt International Airport. The plane, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 with 110 people on board, slammed into the ground and burst into flames. Immediately after the crash, seven survivors were recovered and taken to hospitals, but only two people survived.

Coronavirus Weak Spot Discovered: Researchers Find Out That Virus is ‘Low Shielding’

HNGN

10 April 2020 20:39Following

The coronavirus is not as invincible as it was presumed. There is no evidence that it has low shielding and may survive using hit and run tactics when invading the host cells.

A group of UK scientists made this breakthrough discovery showing that the COVID-19 can be purged by the immune system, thus, making it possible to develop a cure.

The University of Southampton researchers said it was encouraging, making designer vaccines specific more possible not just drugs in use.

The face of the enemy

To study the virus, the team made a model of the coronavirus which causes COVID-19. It demonstrates how it fools the host cell and enters it.

A coronavirus has spikes on its membrane that sticks to host cells like Velcro. This is also shown in the model.

Professor Max Crispin, lead in the study, explained that the corona spikes have sugar coating called glycans, that infect and evade the anti-bodies while masking the viral proteins. Next stage is getting sick because of the hit and run tactic.

“By coating themselves in sugars, viruses are like a wolf in sheep’s clothing. But one of the key findings of our study is that despite how many sugars there are, this coronavirus is not as highly shielded as some other viruses,” said Dr Crispin according to Sky News.

Coronavirus is not as resilient when attacked by ‘anti-bodies’

Many think-tanks have always thought that coronaviruses are hard to pin down. But apparently, this virus has a soft shell, which was never thought of as a point of attack for vaccines.

No matter how much the spikes are sugar-coated, when cornered they will be eliminated by the immune system. The price pays for a lightly shielded membrane.

Compared to the HIV pathogen, that can stay in a single host, they need to evade the anti-bodies with a dense coat of glycans, and shield it better than the paltry coronavirus.

Coronavirus pathogens are hit and run, choosing the weakest host preferably those with weak immune systems.

What makes the coronavirus wicked than any virus discovered is that it jumps from host to host that explains more infection.

The coronavirus has less glycans than an HIV which is the reason why it does a ‘hit and run,’ meaning it moves from one person to another. Doing this is like an escape for the virus to avoid getting smothered by stronger immune systems.

The research is made possible with special machines provided by philanthropists Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery.

Rumored vaccine coming soon?

Yes, the COVID-19 has taken many lives and an unacceptable number of cases, but that will change. Now that the scientist discovered that its is low shielding and does a ‘hit and run’ tactic, it shows that there is hope for a better anti-viral concoction.

In action for a coronavirus cure is Johnson & Johnson, one of the world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies. The giant company told Sky News a month ago that they have made a anti-COVID-19 vaccines. Best news yet is that it is not for profit and will be available in 2021.

Due to the urgency of needing a working vaccine, the pharma hopes to begin human trials by September, then if all passes it will be rolled out for mass usage for everyone.

Way back in February, the lead in the UK research reported to Sky News that some time has been shaved off in creating a vaccine in weeks not years!

Professor Robin Shattock, head of mucosal infection and immunity at Imperial College London, added that human clinical trials can start summer.

It seems that the coronavirus is now fair game, knowing that it is ‘low shielding’ with glycans, and it needs to ‘hit and run’ in order to avoid being killed by the anti-bodies.

Harry’s Life after megxit

It has been almost two weeks since Prince Harry and Meghan Markle flew from Canada to Los Angeles to set up a permanent base and begin their private and independent life. 

With Harry spending most of his life in the United Kingdom, many are wondering how the born and raised royal will be able to adjust to his new American life. 

Prince Harry’s 38-year-old wife Meghan is not new to the American culture, as Los Angeles has been her native city since birth and during her early days as an actress.

Now that “Megxit” is official and their little family is living the American dream, is the 35-year-old Duke prepared for the American life?

Good thing Harry could get a few tips from Lady Julie Montagu, an American who is now married to Lord Luke Montagu, the heir to the Earl of Sandwich. Lady Julie is also a television host, yoga teacher, and former cast member of “Ladies of London.”

Having to grow up in Ilinois and marrying a British aristocracy, Lady Julie knows how to deal with both expressive American culture and the rather formal and conservative British culture. 

Speaking to Town & Country, the 48-year-olf future Countess of Sandwich believes that living in the United States will enable Harry to express his thoughts and feelings more than ever before. 

Lady Julie said that if Harry will be able to adapt to the American culture, he is more likely to open up about his feelings on complex issues like losing his mother and the recent royal drama over “Megxit.”

“We’re very emotionally open, which I think for Harry is actually a really good thing,” Lady Julie said. 

“He’ll be able to talk about his feelings, probably more than he was able to talk about over here. I wouldn’t be surprised if we start to hear a little bit more about how he feels about losing his mother at age 12, and maybe how he and Megan were treated in the press over here,” she added.

Lady Julie is also optimistic that the couple will be able to adjust to their new life, and Harry will be able to adapt the American experience through the help of his ever-supportive and loving wife. 

“I feel like he has found somebody that he can be emotionally open with, and I think that’s a really good thing,” she said. 

American vs. British Parenting Style

Having the chance to raise two American children (from her previous marriage) and two British kids from Lord Luke, Lady Julie also shared how she think Meghan and Harry will work hand-in-hand raising their now 11-month-old son Archie who is half-British and half-American. 

Lady Julie believes that Harry will still impart the importance of British manners to Archie while balancing it with a little laid back relationship just like American children have with their parents. 

Such British manners include fully dressing up even for a meal at home and observing proper table setting with placemats, cutlery, and glasses prepared like there are always guests dining in.

China faces backlash, treating Africans with hatred and discrimination

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari and Chinese President Xi Jinping shake hands during a signing ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on April 12, 2016. 

(CNN)Beijing is facing a diplomatic crisis in Africa after reports of alleged coronavirus-related discrimination against African nationals in China sparked widespread anger across the continent. African students and expatriates in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou were last week subject to forced coronavirus testing and arbitrary 14-day self-quarantine, regardless of recent travel history, amid heightened fears of imported infections.Large numbers of African nationals were also left homeless, after being evicted by landlords and rejected by hotels in the city.

Having reportedly contained the virus within China, concerns have grown in recent weeks over a so-called second wave, brought into the country by overseas travelers. In Africa, however, governments, media outlets and citizens reacted angrily to the apparent rise in anti-foreigner sentiment, as videos of Africans being harassed by police, sleeping on the streets or being locked into their homes under quarantine circulated online. On Saturday, the front page of Kenya’s biggest newspaper lead with the headline, “Kenyans in China: Rescue us from hell,” as a member of the country’s parliament called for Chinese nationals to leave Kenya immediately. TV stations in Uganda, South Africa and Nigeria also ran stories on the alleged mistreatment.

The Twelve valuables discovered in the Sunk Titanic Ship

The Titanic sank on April 14, 1912, but it became a legend soon after when 13 shocking items where picked up from the Titanic’s wreckage which appears like the ones of the ship were alive again.

Found on the sea floor are the last vestiges of those who died that night when Titanic sunk. These were taken to the surface and examined by explorers.

These items are remembrances of those who were once living- a chilling reminder about life in the first 20 years of the 20th century when a generation was moving forward. Here are the haunting items from those claimed by the sea.

1. A pair of white gloves found in the wreckage.

White gloves that were worn by one of the passengers were found. It was part of many exhibitions but it was last seen in 2016 since it was sent for conservation permanently.

2. A violin.

When the ship sank, the sound of a violin as the last music heard by the doomed passengers. The violin owned by the bandleader Wallace Hartley which he used to play “Nearer, My God, to Thee” as the ship sank was sold in an auction for $1.7 in the UK in 2013.

3. The ship’s bell.

When the iceberg struck, the bell rung to warn the passengers. This was found and remains as a grim reminder of what happened in the ocean. The expedition was able to retrieve the bell from the crow’s nest and is part of the display at the Titanic Museum in Massachusetts. This was the first and last warning before the ship’s hull was torn apart.

4. The last meal.

Their last meal includes, eggs Argenteuil, consomme fermier, and chicken a la Maryland on the first-class deck, it was sold for $83,000.

5. Sheet music last played before the violinists drowned.

Submerged in the deep for 73-years is a sheet music that was the last show for the doomed violinists. Printed on it is the song “Put Your Arms Around Me, Honey” from the 1910 Broadway production of Madame Sherry.

6. A note.

The last thoughts by a first-class passenger Oskar Holverson before the ship went down was written in a note. It was found in a notebook, which was one of the items from the drowned passengers. It was sold for $166,000 by U.K. auction house Henry Aldridge and Son.

7. A fur coat.

One stewardess survived and kept her fur coat after all those years. The story goes that first-class stewardess Mabel Bennett was just wearing a nightgown. So she was given a fur coat to wear. She was one of the survivors. Said fur coat was sold for $165,000 in 2017, in an auction.

Miss Bennett was 33 years old when the ship sank and she died in 1974 at 96.

8. Bronze cherub from the grand staircase.

This is the statue on the upper landing of the ships grand staircase that was salvaged in 1985.

9. Keys to the lifeboat lanterns.

These keys were used by Samuel Hemming on of the crew to open a door with lifeboat lanterns for emergencies.

10. A bracelet.

A bracelet owned by a third-class passenger with engravings was found from the ship wreck. One of the modern artefacts is a woman’s 15-karat rose gold and silver bracelet with the name Amy encrusted in diamonds. A 1998 book by Judith Geller, said it might be Amy Stanley, a 3rd class seater.

11. A vest.

This vest is another item from a third-class passenger. William Henry Allen owned the vest which was sold at Guernsey’s Auctioneers in 2012, nearly a century after the tragedy occurred.

12. A perfume bottle for American success.

German-born chemist Adolphe Saalfeld had a bagful of German-born chemist Adolphe Saalfeld on the ship. He was to open a shop in America but drowned in the briny deep.

These 12-shocking items were found in depths of Titanic’s wreck which are haunting momentos of those who drowned.

The Suspected Incredible Creature That May Have Been Coronavirus Host

By Yang Zhang, Chengxin Zhang, and Wei Zheng, By the conservation

Pangolins, not snakes, may be the missing link for transmission of the new coronavirus from bats to humans.

Since its initial outbreak at Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China, in late 2019, COVID-19 has since infected more than a million people across the globe. To understand and control the transmission of COVID-19, scientists are racing to study the coronavirus causing the disease: SARS-CoV-2, previously named 2019-nCoV. SARS-CoV-2 is zoonotic, which means that the virus originated in animals and jumped to humans. A critical challenge is to determine which animal transmitted the virus to humans.